There are a plethora of factors dictating the risk level for gum disease. I personally question family history when I see evidence of gum problems in order to help gauge the risk level for the patient. Multiple studies have shown that people have a genetic predisposition to this inflammatory disease. Diabetes, which of course increases with obesity as well as smoking are important risk factors and tend to increase the severity and rapidity of the problems. Other factors include stress, poor oral hygiene, various medications, and connective tissue disease. Diets very high in carbohydrate levels as well as faulty dentistry can also be added to the list.
A previous history of active periodontal disease increases the risk of future jawbone and gum problems because it indicates that the person’s immune system may not be capable of dealing with bacterial levels present in their system. This predisposition for perio disease is a lifetime reality for some and can often be controlled but not eliminated.
It is important to note that for the most part, risk factors are not additive but rather exponential in their effects. As with all matters of health, knowledge, and prevention are your best defenses.
For questions about this and other dental procedures contact Dr. Guller at: email@example.com or call 201-391-5565.